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2021国家公务员考试申论归纳概括题如何作答

2022-03-27 15:45:01 作者:财经内参 浏览次数:9 字号: T T T

归纳概括题是国考申论考试中最容易得分,也是出题频率较高,甚至是必考的题型;它的本质是找全、找准要点。但是近年来归纳概括题的难度也在加大,考试趋势要求我们考生除了从材料中找到答案,还要具备综合概括的能力。

国考申论中归纳概括题的考题难度也逐渐增大,具体体现在材料类型多为案例型材料,例子一眼就能看明白,但关键词却没那么容易找,考生看完材料,对于关键词的概括性不够准确。接下来就从归纳概括题的备考开始,从答题步骤进行总结。

在此为大家列出具体作答步骤:

一、审题——明确题干对象以及作答要求:一般概括对象有概括原因、措施、问题、对策等;近年来还会出现考察变化、人物品质等;即稳中求变。作答要求包括基本要求以及特殊要求,国考当中的归纳概括特殊要求有恰当提炼,语言精练,分类合理以及分条列项。

二、找点——首先简单介绍一个往年常考概念——影响。“影响”是现状对外界的作用,包括积极的“意义”和消极的“危害”两方面。“意义”是成绩对外界的作用,“危害”是问题对外界的作用。在材料中寻找“影响”时,可以通过提示词、同义词等方式找到。“影响”的提示词如“导致”、“有利于”、“危害”、“不利于”等等。这是归纳概括题常考的其中一个概念,接下来再举例简单介绍一个近年出现的考试对象——变化。“变化”是在过去与现在的对比之下体现出来的,可以在材料中寻找时间词“现在”“过去”等词汇来确定,也可以直接找到“改变”“变化”等直观的词汇来确定,所以总结来说,围绕作答对象相关表述进行词句段的梳理,找全要点。

三、加工——常见的加工方式可以使用同义法,同范围,同主体等方法,也就是按照一定的原则,把找到的要点进行合并,一方面合并可以精炼字数,另一方面可以让我们的答案更加条理,进行综合概括,准确呈现要点。

四、书写——书写答案,一般这个题型的答案整体是总分结构,内容上书写要点分条罗列,体现出条理性;并且尽可能呈现关键词前置加具体内容呈现。

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